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Because of the accelerating COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing stay-at-home order from the State of Illinois, Knox College has made the decision to teach the entirety of spring term remotely. More Information

Old Main is bathed in golden sunlight on a fall afternoon.

Underground Railroad Freedom Station

Contact

Knox College Library

Special Collections and Archives

371 S. West Street

Galesburg, IL 61401-4999

309-341-7392

specialcollections@​knox.edu

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The Court House Tower.

Galesburg Colony at Knox College

The Underground Railroad was an informal network of people who helped thousands of African-American slaves escape to freedom. Anti-slavery organizations and Underground Railroad activities were the first integrated social movements in American history.

Galesburg and Knox College, located in West Central Illinois, were founded in 1837 by anti-slavery advocates who came to Knox County from upstate New York. The town and College, from their inception, were perceived as most likely the leading down-state center of abolitionism and Underground Railroad activity in Illinois. Though other down-state communities could lay claim to significant anti-slavery and Underground Railroad involvement, what made Galesburg unique was the fact that the overwhelming majority of its citizens, for the first 20 years of its existence, were opposed to the institution of slavery. The anti-slavery influence and Underground Railroad involvement of many Galesburg citizens gradually affected numerous people and communities in a wide circle surrounding the college town.

Galesburg Colony Underground Railroad Freedom Station at Knox College

Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, has been designated a "Freedom Station" by the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center. Knox joins a nationwide network of more than 60 stations, with Underground Railroad heritage, that are affiliated with the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, Ohio. The national center is developing a network of sites in the United States, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean, devoted to research and education about the Underground Railroad and anti-slavery movements.

The Galesburg Colony Underground Railroad Freedom Station was recognized in 2006 by the National Park Service Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Program. This designation recognizes the Galesburg station's program as making a significant contribution to the understanding of the Underground Railroad in American history.

Knox has created exhibits on the history of the Underground Railroad in the region and is gathering and preserving documents about the Underground Railroad.

The director of the Underground Railroad Center at Knox College is Owen W. Muelder.

Address:

Lincoln Studies Center
Third Floor, Alumni Hall

Hours:

September-May: Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
June-August: Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Closed Saturday and Sunday
Meeting with director—by appointment only

Contact:

Owen W. Muelder, Director
309-341-7757
omuelder@knox.edu

Exhibits:

  • Informational displays about local and regional Underground Railroad activities
  • Slave block exhibit
  • Map detailing underground railroad routes in Western Illinois
  • Map detailing underground railroad sites in and around Galesburg
  • Memorial table to escaped slave Susan Richardson
  • Exhibits on Old Main and Lincoln-Douglas Debate, plus Cincinnati National Underground Railroad Freedom Center affiliation
  • Display on Galesburg Colony Underground Railroad Freedom Center news stories

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http://www.knox.edu/about-knox/our-history/knox-and-galesburg-history/underground-railroad

Printed on Wednesday, April 8, 2020