Narrowing Your Search
The more defined your career goals, the easier your job search will be. The "I'll take anything" approach does not work with employers. They do not have the time or the interest to counsel you about the field in which you should consider working. It is best to approach an employer with a very clear career objective. An example of this would be, "I am interested in working as a social worker in the long-term care industry" or "I hope to obtain employment as a trainer with a software engineering firm."
In order to become very clear in this regard, it is important to research positions and companies before deciding on a particular field. This insight may be gained by reading professional or trade publications, participating in internships, engaging in informational interviews, and talking with persons currently employed in a field.
It is also important to decide where you want to work, as well as the industry and position. Many large employers appreciate it when prospective employees indicate a "geographic preference" on their resume, as it helps them know to which division the resume should be routed.
Tips on Networking
Networking is by far the most effective means for gaining employment. Potential networking contacts should include family and friends, alumni contacts, and professional organizations.